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Visual Impairments and Disorders

Visual Impairments and Disorders refer to decreased or lost ability to see because of functional impairments in visual system (eye, optic nerve, or brain). Blindness is the situation in which complete or nearly complete vision loss. Low vision is the decreased ability to see not fixable by corrective means such as glasses, contact lenses.

Low vision includes vision field loss (e.g., Bitemporal Hemianopsia, Binasual Hemianopsia, Right Homonymous Hemianopsia, Left Homonymous Hemianopsia), Central Scotoma, Photophobia, Nyctalopia, Nystagmus. That is, the type of visual impairments and disorders are more than we imagined.


The way of communication of people with visual impairments and disorders are not only Braille, but also speech information. There are persons with visual impairments and disorders who do not use Braille. It means that methods of support are various. Therefore, the support should be based on their own need.


The Office for Students with Disabilities has provided support for printing materials to electronic materials (e.g., making PDF file of a textbook), loaned assistive equipments (e.g., tablets), assistance for note-taking, readers who read aloud visual information, improve accessibility for laboratories in cooperation with faculties.
  • The OSD in Nagoya University aims to insure that equal opportunities are provided to all students with disabilities and that they are as valued in their dignity and enjoy the same basic campus lives as the students without disabilities.
  • Why don't you come and talk to us if you have any questions!
    You are welcome to come and visit us if you have any problems with your disabilities.
    Processes of Disability Services
Center for Student CounselingOffice for Students with Disabilities